Isaiah60-62_Slides. "What is ultimate reality?" is the question posed in the last sermon, The City of God (Isaiah 60). Briefly, it is the world to come where God rules as King in righteousness (Isa 60:21) and where all sorrow and pain, evil and violence have been eradicated (Isa 60:19-20). This is in contrast to our present reality where all manner of vileness and darkness, rebellion and sin is prevalent and not at all unexpected.
Isaiah 60-62 display the glorious future of a Jerusalem in which God's glory shines through his anointed Servant (Isa 61:1-3). That glory is an expression of the reality that will exist when the divine warrior's conquest of sin is complete (Isa 59:16-17; 63:1-6). [Isaiah 60-62 form the center section of the chiastic structure in which chapters 56-66 are arranged.]
What is the goal of our salvation?
"Then all your people will be righteous; they will possess the land forever; they are the branch I planted, the work of My hands, so that I may be glorified" (Isa 60:21, HCSB).
"I will not keep silent because of Zion, and I will not keep still because of Jerusalem, until her righteousness shines like a bright light and her salvation, like a flaming torch" (Isa 62:1, HCSB).
In Isaiah 60-62--the pivotal center of the third part of Isaiah (chapters 56-66)--the key repeated words are salvation (Savior), righteousness, Zion and Jerusalem, which in the New Testament would be the new heaven and the new earth (Rev 21:1), where righteousness dwells (2 Pet 3:13).
- Salvation and Righteousness (Isaiah 60): The City of God.
- The Means of Righteousness (Isaiah 61): The Spirit of God.
- The Goal of Salvation (Isaiah 62): The Commitment and Delight of God.
The goal of salvation is not simply a profession of faith. Ultimately the goal of salvation is righteous living, which is the living proof and evidence of authentic faith.
"I am overwhelmed with joy in the Lord my God! For he has dressed (clothed) me with the clothing (garments) of salvation and draped me in a robe of righteousness. I am like a bridegroom dressed for his wedding or a bride with her jewels" (Isa 61:10, NLT). "I greatly rejoice in the Lord, I exult in my God; for He has clothed me with the garments of salvation and wrapped me in a robe of righteousness, as a groom wears a turban and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels. 11 For as the earth produces its growth, and as a garden enables what is sown to spring up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to spring up before all the nations" (Isa 61:10-11, HCSB).
- Salvation and Righteousness (60:1-22): The City of God
- God in Zion--God's glory shines (1-3). The glorious light of God's kingdom.
- The world in Zion--God's remnant returns (4-9) and kings of the world submit to God (10-14).
- Zion transformed and enriched--Redemtion and restoration forever (15-22).
- The Means of Righteousness (Isaiah 61): The Spirit of God
- The means of righteous living (1-3a).
- The benefits of righteous living (3b-7).
- God's explicit desire for righteous living (8-9).
- The song of the righteous (10-11).
- The Goal of Salvation (Isaiah 62): The Commitment and Delight of God
- God's joy and pleasure is to love (delight in) his people (1-5).
- God's joy and pleasure is to save his people (6-12).
The Goal of Salvation (Isaiah 60-62): How are salvation and righteousness connected?
- (60:1–3) What is the difference with 59:9–11? What accounts for the difference (59:15b-21)? Does light and glory come from within? (19–20) For what purpose is the light? What is the danger in seeking God’s fullness in our lives?
- (60:4–14) What will the nations—the former oppressors—bring to Zion? Why (9)? [Tarshish (60:9) was in Spain, symbolizing the end of the world as do “islands.”] Why were the Jews dispersed after the fall of both the northern capital of Samaria and the southern one of Jerusalem? How is 60:10 a summary of the reason for both the exile and the return? How will people of surrounding nations know that the return to Zion is the work of God (12-14)?
- “The Holy One of Israel” occurs for the last times in 60:9 and 14. What does this phrase connote (1:4; 30:11, 15; 37:23; 41:14)? What has happened? For what will the wealth of the world be used? What is the significance of this?
- (60:15–22) What will be the evidence that people are truly redeemed (15–16)? What is the point of 60:18 (26:1)?
- Compare 60:21 with 58:6–8. Is “righteousness” merely a position that God gives us (vindication, justification)? Why or why not? How does our righteousness glorify God? (See Questions 9 and 10 below.)
- (61:1–3) Compare 61:1 to 11:1–3. List what this anointed one will do? How did Jesus' ministry fulfill the prophecy of 61:1-3 (Lk 4:16-21)? What will be the result (3b; 60:21b)? What is the significance of this? In context, what are the people mourning over; to what are they held captive? How does this person relate to the Divine Warrior of 59:15b–21 and 63:1–6? [Remember that “vengeance” (61:2) is a positive theme in the OT, meaning that God will repay those who have in some way injured his people.]
- (61:4–6) 61:4–62:12 is parallel to 60:1–22--Glorious Righteous Zion. If foreigners take care of the menial work, what will that free God’s people to become (Ex 19:5–6)? What is the purpose of Israel’s election (2:2-3; 49:6; 1 Pet 2:9)?
- (61:7–9) What does God love and hate? What is the connection between the references to a “covenant” in 61:8-9; 59:21; 55:3–5; 54:6-8? Why does God make this covenant with them?
- (61:10–11) Why does the speaker delight in Yahweh (in the light of 61:8-9)? Notice with what terms “righteousness” is paralleled (61:10-11; also 62:1). What is the significance? (See Question 5.)
- (62:1–5) Notice the theme that continues. How are righteousness and the evidence of Yahweh’s blessing of his people related? How should God's delight for his people affect you (4-5)?
- (62:6–12) Why does God say “never again” when he has given Israel’s grain to her enemies (8)? Previously Isaiah pictures a “highway” for the returning exiles (35:8-10; 40:3-4). What does "banner" in 62:10-12 suggest (2 Chron 32:22-23)? How do they relate to each other in the context of the book as a whole (49:6; Ex 19:6)?